Woodland Spring Flowers – 13th April

If you are lucky enough to be near woodland or can walk along hedgerows, April is the perfect time to identify woodland flowers. Most flower early before they are shaded by the tree canopy above. The following is a list of 20 found in Patching Woods. See how many you can find, some may even be in your garden:-

Wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa) white/pink flowers

Primrose (Primula vulgaris) pale yellow flowers, large crinkly leaves

Bluebell (Endymion non-scriptus) blue, with cream anthers, long thin leaves

Dog’s Mercury (Mercurialis perennis) tiny, inconspicuous flowers

Violet (Viola species) blue/purple flowers, heart-shaped leaves

White Dead-nettle (Lamium album) white flowers, nettle-like leaves

Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata) white flowers, other name Jack-by-the-Hedge

Ladies Smock (Cardamine pratensis) pale pink flowers, other name Cuckoo Flower

Greater Stitchwort (Stellaria holostea) white flowers, quite tall

Red Campion (Silene dioica) red flowers, tall

Lords-and-Ladies (Arum maculatum) purple or yellow spadix with green spathe (hood)

Wild Garlic (Allium ursinum) white flowers, strong-smelling, edible

Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederacea) violet/blue flowers, leaves kidney-shaped

Red Dead-nettle (Lamium purpureum) pink/purple flowers, square stems

Wood spurge (Euphorbia amygdaloides) tall, tiny flowers in yellow/green, cup-like  bracts

Wood sorrel (Oxalis acetosella) white flowers, trefoil leaves, in ancient woods

Lesser Celandine (Ficaria verna) glossy yellow flowers, heart-shaped leaves

Goldilocks Buttercup  (Ranunculus auricomus) small yellow variable petals, divided leaves

Early Purple Orchid (Orchis mascula) purple flowers in spike, black spots on leaves

Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) very tall with purple flowers, large soft leaves

To help you identify the flowers, you can take photos on your phone or camera and then use the internet or an identification book to help you.  I can recommend The Wild Flowers of Britain and Ireland by Blamey, Fitter and Fitter, second edition, 2013. Please do not pick the flowers. If you make your own list in a note book, record when and where you find the flowers and then you will build up a useful plant list.

A collage of 12 of these woodland flowers may help your identification.